Since its establishment in 1972, ENDA Third World,
has observed that children are at the centre of people's
concerns and with whom it acts and exchanges. The
number of children, their energy, their role, their
fate, their present and their future, determines the
development of societies of which they are not only
those that are concerned, but are increasingly becoming
In Africa, the population "below 18 years"
was the majority in 2000. The efforts deployed
in the second half of the 80s in favour of children
was in this connection. The vaccinated, rehydrated
and fortunately surviving children "baby boom"
was not supported by the social service promotional
measures; to the contrary, the structural adjustment
plans seriously degraded them and especially touching
such areas as health, education as well as the habitat.
The 90s that were supposed to be the age for child
development , became the period of child
stagnation and even regression. The children and their
parents had - themselves- to face their situations,
the consciousness of their rights developed through
the setting up of grassroot social services in education,
health, training, but there was also an increase in
the power to speak out as encouraged by the development
of the democratisation process.
But this democracy is developing in countries where
the majority of the populations often live under the
poverty line. While working, learning and undergoing
training, the African children contribute to the development
of the society and to the building of rights. They
fill in a new social vacuum by their traditional role
of socialisation through participation to the collective
In this way, the African child accomplishes his obligation
and attains his right. The notion of the "right
of the child" is therefore not synonymous to
demands, but rather, to development; while "participation"
ENDA's activities can be found at different levels:
•Support to grassroot activities undertaken
by the populations and by the children themselves
in neighbourhoods and villages, together with the authorities. The important part
of these activities are planned, implemented and evaluated
by these actors with the support and counselling of
ENDA, along with its methodological training section.
•Support with social policies in countries. ENDA contributes to the setting up of the activities
programmes, situation diagnosis as well as in planning
and implementation. ENDA helps all those mainly concerned,
especially its grassroots partners, to participate
at all levels and stages of the policies. In 1985,
C.H.Kana, the Chairman of the board of directors of
ENDA Tiers Monde wrote an article titled: "To
Survice and Afterwards" in which he brought into
perspective, the issue of child survival with the
development of pertinent services to their blooming.
He was wondering if this policy could only be limited
to an "emergency survival.
•Involvement at the international dimension
aimed at development: from the Porto Allegre social
forum to the UNGASS on Children in New York, or to
the Sustainable Development conference in Johannesburg.
In these different forums, ENDA tries to constitute
a task force "by mobilising African energies,
children, youth, governments, NGOs, technicians,
etc., to strengthen the effectiveness of their presence
and the contributions.
Hence, in its vision of sustainable development, ENDA
is not a main actor, but rather, a catalyst of partners
aiming at strengthening the social actors especially
the grassroots actors and to encourage dialogue and
synergy among these and institutional actors. This
partnership is a transversal element at different
levels of ENDA's local and national activities in
Senegal and in other countries where it is present
(Bolivia, Colombia, Mali, Madagascar), regional activities
in the vast "Calao network" and international
activities with the South-South and South- North alliances.
ENDA YOUTH IN ACTION INTERNATIONAL
BP 3370, Dakar Senegal
Tel: 221 33 889 21 13/ 821 74 03
Fax:221 33 823 51 57
Founded in 1985 and in 1989, the team divided its activities into 2 programs operating with the same vision and one management.
• The national programme of Guédiawaye is called "Xaley Ca Kanam" which operates in eight regional towns of Senegal and involves Enda ACAS (Casamance), plus several NGOs and services of state partners. It is coordinated from the local Enda Guédiawaye office.
• The international program involves 196 towns in 22 countries of West, Central and South Africa and is also present at the international level. It is coordinated from "Rue Carnot" in Dakar, Senegal.
• To support the reinforcement of their organization at the local, national and regional level.
• To facilitate the exchange, training and communication between organizations and institutions to support children in difficult situations of more than 196 towns, in the 22 countries of Africa
• To maintain the international relations in an intercontinental network.
• To support the development of skills available within these networks.
ENDA YOUTH IN ACTION DAKAR
BP 3370, Dakar Senegal
Tel: 221 33 837 42 88
Fax:221 33 823 51 57
The Youth in Action team of Guédiawaye was
founded in 1985. It is located in the outskirts of
Dakar. It assists children living in difficult conditions.
• the children detached from families
• working children and youth
• Koranic school pupils
• female school drop-outs
• groups of mothers, and associations of working committees of "neighbourhood development associations".
It assists them in the area of protection, grassroots
education, vocational training and training in complementary
skills, organisation, training in methodology, family
mediation and reconciliation, information, entertainment